Education Comparison of NDs, MDs, and DOs

 

ND

(Naturopathic)

MD

(Allopathic)

DO

(Osteopathic)

Admission

Bachelor’s required?

   ✓

✓*most schools

Pre-med required?

   ✓

   ✓

    ✓

Admission test required?

MCAT Optional

MCAT Required

MCAT Required

Number of full-time accredited schools in US:

4

125

19

Estimated student enrollment:

1,388

@67,000

11,432

Education

Length of medical school training

4-year graduate level program

4 year graduate level program

4-year graduate level program

Are basic medical science classes taken?

Yes

Yes

Yes

Are clinical medical science classes taken?

Yes

Yes

Yes

Are the schools accredited?

Yes, by the CNME.

(http://cnme.org)

Yes, by the LCME

(http://lcme.org)

Yes, by the AOA

(http://osteopathic.org_

What board exams are required to evaluate medical knowledge?

NPLEX:

Part 1 – Basic sciences

Part 2- Clinical sciences

(http://nabne.org)

USMILE:

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

(http://usmile.org)

COMLEX_USA:

Level 1- Basic sciences

Level 2 – Clinical concepts

Level 3 – Medical concepts

(http://nbome.org)

Are the respective board exams required in order to become a licensed physician?

Yes

Yes

Yes

Science Education

Gross anatomy with cadaver lab

Embryology

Histology

Physiology

Neuroscience

Medical and Molecular Genetics

 ✓
Biochemistry

Pathology

Microbiology

Immunology

Pharmacology

Clinical Education

Physical assessment

Clinical laboratory assessment

Surgical procedures

Emergency medicine

Pediatrics

HEENT

Neurology

Obstetrics

Gynecology

Virology

Dermatology

Endocrinology

Urology

Geriatrics

Cardiology

Pulmonology

Gastroentrology

Rheumatology

Oncology

Sports medicine

Psychiatry

Epidemiology

Medical Ethics

Additional Training

CAM Curriculum: The following are generally REQUIRED full-time classes or major components of full-time coursework: Electives are offered at some schools in some of the following ✗ed as either part-time or seminar/intro courses: Electives are offered at some schools in some of the following ✗ed as either part-time or seminar/intro courses:
Botanical Matera Medica

Botanical Pharmacognosy

Homeopathic Matera Medica

Homeopathic Case Taking and Management

Palpatory Training

Orthopedic Evaluation

Physiotherapy

 ?  ?
Spinal Assessment

Spinal Manipulation

Joint & Extremity Manipulation

Hydrotherapy

Theory & Fundamentals of Oriental Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Diagnosis

Acupuncture Points & Meridians

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Pathology

Nutritional Detoxification

Food Analysis

Nutritional Diagnostics & Treatment Protocols

 ?  ?
Counseling

Mind-Body Medicine  ? (electives at some MD schools) (offered at some DO schools)
Environmental Medicine

 ?  ?
Medical Research

 ?  ?

 

**Please note:  This chart was constructed from an old PDF on file and rewritten to accommodate this webpage.  The original source of this information is unknown.